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Investigadores transforman CO2 en combustible para aviones

diciembre 28, 2020

Un grupo de investigadores británicos logró convertir con éxito el CO2 en combustible para aviones, una solución que ayuda a reducir el impacto ambiental de los viajes aéreos.

El desarrollo aumenta las posibilidades de contar con aviones de propulsión convencional con cero emisiones netas, evitando la necesidad de recurrir a naves eléctricas o combustibles alternativos.

El hallazgo de los científicos de la Universidad de Oxford invierte de manera efectiva el proceso de quema de combustible, al depender del método de combustión orgánica, según informa Wired vía Engadget.

Los investigadores calentaron una mezcla de ácido cítrico, hidrógeno y un catalizador de hierro, manganeso y potasio para convertir el CO2 en un combustible líquido capaz de propulsar aviones.

Se trata de un mecanismo económico, de fácil desarrollo y que utiliza materiales comunes. Además, es más barato que los procesos que convierten el hidrógeno y el agua en combustible.

Investigación en fases iniciales

Un avión próximo a aterrizar
Unsplash

A pesar del sorprendente avance científico, todavía faltan estudios para que pueda ser utilizado en aviones comerciales.

Por el momento, los investigadores solo han desarrollado pocos gramos de combustible en el estudio de laboratorio, pero se necesitaría una mayor cantidad que pueda alcanzar para un vuelo completo.

No solo necesitaría un uso más generalizado de la captura de carbono, sino que además los sistemas de captura y conversión deberían estar basados en energía limpia si el objetivo es ser realmente una alternativa carbono neutral.

Aunque los estudios aún está en sus fases iniciales, los investigadores ya están en conversaciones con la industria y no se observa ningún obstáculo científico importante para llevar a cabo este proyecto.

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