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Trump autoriza a la NASA armar un reactor nuclear en la Luna

diciembre 17, 2020

El presidente de Estados Unidos Donald Trump autorizó la construcción de un reactor nuclear en la Luna para dotar de energía a la colonia que se instalará en 2024 y que, según los planes de la NASA, permitirá la llegada de los primeros astronautas a Marte.

La construcción quedó establecida en la Directiva de Política Espacial 6 (SPD-6, por sus siglas en inglés), en la que se establece la instalación de un sistema de energía de radioisótopos de varios reactores para proporcionar electricidad, calor y propulsión.

“La SPD-6 fortalece los esfuerzos de la NASA para desarrollar sistemas nucleares asequibles, seguros y confiables, incluyendo tecnología que permita dar energía a operaciones en otros mundos y la propulsión de futuras misiones humanas a Marte”, señaló Jim Bridenstine, administrador general de la NASA.

El primer objetivo, detalló el funcionario, es madurar la tecnología para posteriormente demostrar que es posible construir un generador por fisión de 10 kilovatios sobre la superficie lunar. “La NASA planea demostrar el sistema en la Luna a finales de la próxima década, proporcionando energía para operaciones lunares sustentables y poniendo a prueba su uso potencial en Marte”.

La construcción forma parte de la misión Artemisa, que prevé instalar una colonia humana en la Luna para 2024. La agencia espacial de Estados Unidos anticipa que el envío de humanos a Marte no podrá realizarse utilizando métodos tradicionales. “Los sistemas de propulsión que usamos en la tierra son simplemente prohibitivos”, aclara. Con esta limitante, la NASA adelantó que ya trabaja en la mejora de sistemas de propulsión electronucleares y termonucleares.

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